Von Der Decken's Hornbill
(Tockus Deckeni)
Description/information:   Von Der Decken's Hornbill was named after the German Explorer Baron Karl Von Der Decken.(1833-1865). Von Der Decken's
have a grey to white body with black wings and a black stripe running down the center of the head and neck. The male has a red to orange bill, changing to
ivory towards the end. The female has a solid black bill. Von Der Decken's are very small hornbills. They are about17 to 20 inches in length
weighing about 113 to 170 grams.

General Information: Hornbills first two vertebrea in the neck are fused together (axis and atlas). They are the only birds with this biological configuration.
They are also the only birds with two lobed kidneys( other birds have three).

Hornbills also have very unique nesting habits. The female is sealed/mudded in the nest by both the male and herself. While in the nest/log, she is fed through
a small narrow slit by the male. She lays 2 to 3 eggs and incubates for 33 to 40 days. While in the nest the female goes through a complete molt and is unable to
fly. The female breaks out of her nest/log when her chicks are about 21 to 25 days old. The chicks then reseal the nest/log opening and are fed by both parents
for another 23 to 25 days.

Range: Eastern Africa. central and eastern Tanzania, through out Kenya, southeastern Ethiopia, and Somalia.
They are found in open bush and scrubby woodlands of the dry savanna.

Life Span: In the wild - average 10 years. In captivity - average 20 to 25 years

Diet: In the wild - insects, mice and other small invertebrates, fruits, berries, and some seed.
We feed fresh -
chopped fruits, Zupreem Low Iron Softbill pellets, veggies, soaked holistic cat food, meal worms, super worms, and crickets when available..
African Pied Hornbill
(Tockus fasciatus)
Description/information:   Red-billed Hornbill (Tockus erythrorhynchus) is a species of hornbill found in savanna and woodland of sub-Saharan Africa. It is
sometimes split into five species, the Northern Red-billed Hornbill (T. erythrorhynchus), Western Red-billed Hornbill (T. kempi), Tanzania Red-billed Hornbill
(T. ruahae), Southern Red-billed Hornbill (T. rufirostris) and Damara Red-billed Hornbill (T. damarensis), but at present most authorities considered them all to
be subspecies of a single species. Red billed hornbills are about 13.8 in (35 cm); female 0.2–0.44 lb (90–200 g), male 0.27–0.48 lb (124–220 g). Small, black and white
with spotted wing coverts; long slender red bill with small casque., but is one of the smaller hornbills. During incubation, the female lays three to six white eggs in
a tree hole, which is blocked off with a plaster of mud, droppings and fruit pulp. There is only one narrow aperture, just big enough for the male to transfer food
to the mother and the chicks. This conspicuous bird also advertises its presence with its noisy accelerating tok-tok-tok-toktoktok call.

General Information: Hornbills first two vertebrea in the neck are fused together (axis and atlas). They are the only birds with this biological configuration. They
are also the only birds with two lobed kidneys( other birds have three).

Red Billed Hornbills also have very unique nesting habits. The female is sealed/mudded in the nest by both the male and herself. While in the nest/log, she is fed
through a small narrow slit by the male. She lays up to 6 eggs and incubates for about 23 to 25 days. While in the nest the female goes through a complete molt and
is unable to fly. The female breaks out of her nest/log about 39 to 50 days. The chicks then reseal the nest/log opening and are fed by both parents for another 22
to 28 days.

Range: Dry savanna. Niger Delta to Ethiopia and Somalia, south to Tanzania; T. e. kempi: Southern Mauritania, Senegal to Niger Delta; T. e. rufirostris: Southern
Angola, northern Namibia, Zambia, southern Malawi and northeastern South Africa; T. e. damarensis: Northwestern and central Namibia.

Life Span: In the wild - average 10 years. In captivity - average 20 to 25 years

Diet: In the wild - This species is omnivorous, taking insects fruit and seeds. It feeds mainly on the ground and will form flocks outside the breeding season.
We feed fresh -
chopped fruits, Zupreem Low Iron Softbill pellets, veggies, soaked holistic cat food, meal worms, super worms, and crickets when available.
Description/information:    African Pied Hornbills are forest birds that spend most of its time in the top of trees . This conspicuous and gregarious bird
advertises its presence with its whistling pii-pii-pii-pii- call.
African Pieds is a medium bird, about 22 in inchs in length. It has mainly black plumage, with the belly and tip to the tail being white. The long curved black and
yellow bill has a medium sized casque. Sexes are similar, but the female has a smaller casque. Immature birds are duller, have a smaller bill, and no casque. The
flight is undulating.

General Information: Hornbills first two vertebrea in the neck are fused together (axis and atlas). They are the only birds with this biological configuration. They
are also the only birds with two lobed kidneys( other birds have three).

Hornbills also have very unique nesting habits. The female is sealed/mudded in the nest by both the male and herself. While in the nest/log, she is fed through a
small narrow slit by the male. She lays up to 4 eggs and incubates for 22 to 28 days. While in the nest the female goes through a complete molt and is unable to fly.
The female breaks out of her nest/log when her chicks are about 21 to 25 days old. The chicks then reseal the nest/log opening and are fed by both parents for
another 22 to 28 days.

Range: African Pied Hornbill is a common resident breeder in much of equatorial Africa from The Gambia to western Uganda and northern Angola..

Life Span: In the wild - unknown. In captivity - unknown

Diet: In the wild - African Pied Hornbill is omnivorous and eats fruit and insects. It feeds mainly in trees, and is attracted to Oil Palms.
We feed fresh - chopped fruits, Zupreem Low Iron Softbill pellets, veggies, soaked holistic cat food, meal worms, super worms, and crickets when available.
(Tockus erythrorhynchus)